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Canadian Marginalization Index (CAN-Marg)      Canadian Marginalization Index (CAN-Marg)


The Canadian Marginalization Index (CAN-Marg) is an index that seeks to:
  • show differences in marginalization between areas, and
  • understand inequalities in various measures of health and social well-being, either between population groups or between geographical areas
CAN-Marg combines a wide range of area-level census indicators into four distinct dimensions of marginalization in urban and rural Canada. The 2016 edition of CAN-Marg uses the same dimensions as the 2006 version, with updated names. After consultation, we changed the names of the dimensions to avoid the deficit-based language used in the previous versions; the names now closely align with the census measures that comprise each dimension.
  • Households and dwellings (previously called 'Residential instability'): Includes indicators that measure types and density of residential accommodations, and certain family structure characteristics, such as % living alone and % dwellings not owned.
  • Material resources (previously called 'Material deprivation'): Includes indicators that measure access to and attainment of basic material needs, such as % unemployment and % without a high school degree.
  • Age and labour force (previously called 'Dependency'): Includes indicators to describe % seniors (65+), the dependency ratio (the ratio of seniors and children to the population 15-64) and % not participating in the labour force.
  • Immigration and visible minority (previously called 'Ethnic concentration'): Includes indicators to describe % recent immigrants and % who self-identify as a 'visible minority' (defined by Statistics Canada).
The 2011 and 2016 iterations of the Ontario Marginalization Index: updates, consistency and a cross-sectional study of health outcome associations.

Citation: Matheson et al. "Development of the Canadian Marginalization Index: a new tool for the study of inequality." Canadian Journal of Public Health, 2012;103(Suppl. 2):S12-S16. English, Français

History of CAN-Marg data creation
CAN-Marg Maps
The 2016 Marginalization Index was created by researchers at MAP Centre for Urban Health Solutions at
St. Michael's Hospital and the McMaster Institute for Health Equity.
2016  
The 2006 Marginalization Index was created by researchers at MAP Centre for Urban Health Solutions at
St. Michael’s Hospital and McMaster University.
2006  
The 2001 Marginalization Index was created by researchers at MAP Centre for Urban Health Solutions at
St. Michael’s Hospital and McMaster University.
2001  
The Canadian Marginalization Index (1996, 1991) provided through a Statistics Canada Custom Data Product
Request (May 29, 2018)
1996,   1991  
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    How to cite this website:
    Ontario Community Health Profiles Partnership; www.ontariohealthprofiles.ca; Accessed on: October 25, 2021