St. Michael`s Hospital, Unity Health Toronto      

MAP Centre for Urban Health Solutions      

McMaster University, Social Sciences Logo
Ontario Marginalization Index (ON-Marg)      Ontario Marginalization Index (ON-Marg)


The Ontario Marginalization Index (ON-Marg) can be used to understand inequalities in health and other social problems related to health among either population groups or geographic areas across Ontario.

ON-Marg combines a wide range of area-level census indicators into four distinct dimensions of marginalization in Ontario:
  • residential instability: Includes indicators such as % living alone and % dwellings not owned.
  •  
  • material deprivation: Includes indicators such as % unemployment and % without a high school degree.
  •  
  • dependency: Includes indicators such as % seniors and % not participating in the labour force.
  •  
  • ethnic concentration: Includes indicators such as such % recent immigrants and % who self-identify as a 'visible minority' (defined by Statistics Canada).
History of ON-Marg data creation ON-Marg                   ON-Marg
Neighbourhoods
Maps
The 2016 and 2011 Ontario Marginalization Indices were created jointly by researchers at Public Health Ontario and MAP Centre for Urban Health Solutions at St. Michael’s Hospital. 2016,   2011    
The 2016 Ontario Marginalization Index for Central LHIN Neighbourhoods was created by researchers at MAP Centre for Urban Health Solutions at St. Michael’s Hospital.   2016 * Maps
The 2016 and 2011 Ontario Marginalization Indices for Toronto Neighbourhoods were created by researchers at MAP Centre for Urban Health Solutions at St. Michael’s Hospital.   2016 *,   2011 * Maps
The 2006 Marginalization Index was created by researchers at MAP Centre for Urban Health Solutions at St. Michael’s Hospital and McMaster University. 2006 2006 * Maps
The 2001 Marginalization Index was created by researchers at MAP Centre for Urban Health Solutions at St. Michael’s Hospital and McMaster University. 2001    
* Asterisk indicates there are maps available for this content
 
 
      Ontario Marginalization Index (ON-Marg) — 2016 and 2011 update is now available!

 
 
 
INTRODUCTION

    The Ontario Marginalization Index


    How can researchers, community agencies and policy-makers find out more about the relationship between our neighbourhoods and our health?

    The Ontario Marginalization Index allows you to explore how factors like residential instability and material deprivation are concentrated at local level and how this is affecting health outcomes.

    The 2016 and 2011 Ontario Marginalization Indices were created jointly by researchers at Public Health Ontario and MAP Centre for Urban Health Solutions at St. Michael’s Hospital.

    The 2016 update to ON-Marg exclusively uses data from Statistics Canada's 2016 Census of Population to determine the dimensions of marginalization and to calculate the factor scores and quintiles.

    The 2011 update to ON-Marg combines data from several sources including: Statistics Canada Taxfiler data, Municipal Property Assessment Corporation data, the Registered Persons Database, and the Immigration Refugees, Citizenship Canada (IRCC) Permanent Resident Database.

    Data is available at the local and neighbourhood-level as well as larger geographies such as Public Health Units and Local Health Integration Networks.

    The 2011 and 2016 iterations of the Ontario Marginalization Index: updates, consistency and a cross-sectional study of health outcome associations.
 
 
 
USER GUIDE and DATA

    The Ontario Marginalization Index (ON-Marg) — 2016


      User Guide:   Adobe PDF File  ON-Marg User Guide 2016   (Outlines everything you need to know about using ON-Marg to complete your own analyses.)

      Download the ON-Marg data 2016:     Microsoft Excel File  Download 2016 ON-Marg

    Citation:

    Matheson FI, van Ingen T. 2016 Ontario marginalization index. Toronto, ON: St. Michael’s Hospital; 2018. Joint publication with Public Health Ontario.

    Matheson et al. "Development of the Canadian Marginalization Index: a new tool for the study of inequality." Canadian Journal of Public Health, 2012;103(Suppl. 2):S12-S16. English, Français
 
 
 
     
    The Ontario Marginalization Index (ON-Marg) — 2011

      User Guide:   Adobe PDF File  ON-Marg User Guide 2011   (Outlines everything you need to know about using ON-Marg to complete your own analyses.)

      Download the ON-Marg data 2011:     Microsoft Excel File  Download 2011 ON-Marg

    Citation:

    Matheson, FI; Ontario Agency for Health Protection and Promotion (Public Health Ontario). 2011 Ontario marginalization index. Toronto, ON: St. Michael’s Hospital; 2017. Joint publication with Public Health Ontario.

    Matheson et al. "Development of the Canadian Marginalization Index: a new tool for the study of inequality." Canadian Journal of Public Health, 2012;103(Suppl. 2):S12-S16. English, Français
 
 
 
SUPPORTING DOCUMENTS

    Adobe PDF File  Technical Document

    Background information on ON-Marg methodology, data sources and how the different dimensions were calculated.
 
 
    Adobe PDF File  ON-Marg FAQs

    References the most common questions asked to help you use ON-Marg.
 
 
 
 
 
      Ontario Marginalization Index (ON-Marg) — 2006, 2001

 
 
 
INTRODUCTION

    The Ontario Marginalization Index


    How can researchers, community agencies and policy-makers find out more about the relationship between our neighbourhoods and our health?

    The Ontario Marginalization Index allows you to explore how factors like residential instability and material deprivation are concentrated at local level and how this is affecting health outcomes.

    ON-Marg (2006 and 2001) was created by researchers at MAP Centre for Urban Health Solutions at St. Michael’s and McMaster University. 

    Citation:

    Matheson et al. "Development of the Canadian Marginalization Index: a new tool for the study of inequality." Canadian Journal of Public Health, 2012;103(Suppl. 2):S12-S16. English, Français
 
 
 
USER GUIDE and DATA
 
 
 
SUPPORTING DOCUMENTS
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
    City of Toronto Neighbourhoods Ontario Marginalization Index (ON-Marg) 2016, 2011, 2006

      Ontario Central LHIN Neighbourhoods Ontario Marginalization Index (ON-Marg) 2016

 
 
 
INTRODUCTION

    The Ontario Marginalization Index


    How can researchers, community agencies and policy-makers find out more about the relationship between our neighbourhoods and our health?

    The Ontario Marginalization Index allows you to explore how factors like residential instability and material deprivation are concentrated at local level and how this is affecting health outcomes.

    The Ontario Marginalization Index (2016, 2011, 2006) for Toronto Neighbouhoods was created by researchers at MAP Centre for Urban Health Solutions at St. Michael’s

    The Ontario Marginalization Index (2016) for Central LHIN Neighbouhoods was created by researchers at MAP Centre for Urban Health Solutions at St. Michael’s

    Citation:

    Matheson FI, van Ingen T. 2016 Ontario marginalization index. Toronto, ON: St. Michael’s Hospital; 2018. Joint publication with Public Health Ontario.

    Matheson et al. "Development of the Canadian Marginalization Index: a new tool for the study of inequality." Canadian Journal of Public Health, 2012;103(Suppl. 2):S12-S16. English, Français
 
 
 
USER GUIDE, DATA and MAPS
 
 
 
 

CONTACT US

    Contact for more information or Sign up for New Content alerts: HealthProfiles@smh.ca

    How to cite this website:
    Ontario Community Health Profiles Partnership; www.ontariohealthprofiles.ca; Accessed on: October 25, 2021